This new invention, proven at Regensburg University in Germany, easily converts CO2 back into CH4 (LNG fuel) under special conditions in a special plant. With the contributions from waste CO2 Emissions, waste heat recovery and other materials from fossil-fuel fired power stations the process converts CO2 to CH4 viably.

The world's existing fossil fuel energy supply infrastructure has been developed extensively over the past century and cannot be replaced rapidly by renewables economically. However, considering the current global energy-related economic difficulties and global warming, changes cannot be swept aside and have to be addressed. This New Process can significantly reduce the CO2 emissions while at the same time enhance the efficiency of fossil-fueled power stations.

Steven Wolfowitz, a Chemical Engineer, harnessed some of the oldest living microbial organisms – Methanogens – under special electrolytic conditions and environment to perform their sole task in life – methanogenesis – and convert CO2 emissions and H2 into CH4 (methane). The Process uses automated unique innovative electrochemical control systems, plant and conditions. Methanogens divide and multiply very quickly under certain conditions when they realize their food – CO2 & H2 – is available as in this Process environment.

The viability of the Process is enhanced by the availability of the materials without charge mainly from the producers of CO2. The metabolism of methanogens provides the mechanism with minimal electrical energy input. The world's highest emitters of CO2 from fossil-fuels, in many cases labeled as the global warming culprits, now have technology to solve this problem while they can continue to enhance the lives of millions by providing clean cheaper electricity. Carbon dioxide (CO2), Hydrogen (H2), water (H2O), Heat (in some cases), Methanogens and Nutrients, are required for the Process. Power stations and GTL (Gas to Liquid) plants can provide and integrate the first four requirements with their existing operations which use them.

Carbon Dioxide (CO2), results from burning fossil fuels to produce electricity. 8,000 fossil-fuel fired power stations generate and emit 10 billion tons of CO2 polluting our Earth's atmosphere every year. Furthermore, instead of paying carbon taxes (based on their current emissions) the savings and reduction of fossil-fuel needs and costs would rapidly amortize the capital cost of implementing the Process. Steam, generated in power stations, drives turbines which drive the electrical generators, and is cooled using cooling towers where much water evaporates. The new Process can extract and recover some waste heat using integrated heat exchangers.

Methane is the building block of all hydrocarbons including coal, oil and LPG fossil fuels, petrol, diesel, most plastics, etc. It was previously thought that converting CO2 to CH4 could not be done viably. By incorporating microbiological methanogens into this new Process the thermodynamic challenges are overcome. The system can be applied to many of the other CO2 emitting industries including steel, cement manufacturing, gas-to-liquid plants, etc., which contribute to the emission of an additional 20 billion tons of CO2 annually. Help is at hand to clean our world and provide huge new industries with many new employment opportunities. The plant designs, processes, conditions and control systems have all been patented. The future of our world is now in our hands.


WIPO PUBLICATION : WO 2014/016815 A2
US PATENT : 9,243,264


©2014 Steven Wolfowitz